30 Key Facts About Bihar [12th Largest State of India]

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30 Key Facts About Bihar: Bihar is the third-largest state by population in India. The capital of Bihar is Patna. Patna is situated along the banks of the Ganges. Hindi is the official language of Bihar. Agriculture is the backbone of Bihar. Bodh Gaya is located in Bihar. Here are the list of 30 key facts about Bihar.

30 Key Facts About Bihar

1. Bihar is a state in eastern India.

2. According to the 2011 Census, Bihar is the third-largest state by population in India.

3. Bihar is the 12th largest state by area in India.

4. Bihar is surrounded by Nepal to the north, West Bengal to the east, Uttar Pradesh to the west, and Jharkhand to the south.

5. Patna is the capital of Bihar. It is situated along the banks of the Ganges.

6. On November 15, 2000, Jharkhand was separated as a new state from southern Bihar.

7. The official language of Bihar is Hindi. Maithili, Magahi, Bhojpuri, etc. are also the languages of Bihar.

8. The name Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word ‘vihara’ which means ‘abode’.

9. Ancient Bihar was home to Magadh. Magadh was a powerful kingdom in ancient India.

10. Nalanda is located in Bihar. Nalanda was a renowned center of learning in ancient times and hosted one of the world’s first residential universities.

11. Bodh Gaya is an important site in Bihar, where Gautam Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment under the Bodhi Tree.

12. Bihar has a rich history. It has been mentioned in various ancient Indian texts, like the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

13. Agriculture is the backbone of Bihar’s economy.

14. Bihar is known for its production of rice, wheat, maize, and sugarcane.

15. Bihar and Bengal were invaded by Rajendra Chola I in the 11th century. Rajendra Chola I belonged to the Chola dynasty.

16. Guru Gobind Sing was born in Patna, Bihar, in 1666. He was the tenth and last guru of Sikhism.

17. Bihar covers a total area of 94,163 square kilometers.

18. Bihar has three parts on the basis of physical and structural conditions: the Southern Plateau, the Shivalik Region, and Bihar’s Gangetic Plain.

19. Bihar is administratively divided into 9 divisions and 38 districts.

20. Begusarai is the industrial and financial capital of Bihar.

21. Chhath Puja is the biggest and most popular festival in Bihar. It is dedicated to the Sun God.

22. The Valmiki National Park and Bhimbandh Wildlife Sactuary are located in Bihar.

23. Sonepur Mela is one of Asia’s largest cattle fairs. It is held annually in Bihar.

24. The Mundeshwari temple is located in Purnea, Bihar. It is one of the oldest Hindu temples in India.

25. Biharbandhu was the first Hindi newspaper published in Bihar. It was started by Madan Mohan Bhatta in 1872.

26. There are three major airports in Bihar: Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna, Gaya Airport in Gaya, and Darbhanga Airport in Darbhanga.

27. Gaya Airport is the only international airport in Bihar.

28. Bihar is the birthplace of two major world religions: Buddhism and Jainism.

29. The first prime minister of Mauritius was Seewoosagur Ramgoolam. He was born in Bihar.

30. Bihar Day is celebrated every year on March 22 to mark the formation of the state of Bihar.

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By Ravi
I'm Ravi. I'll provide blogs related to UPSC and State PSC/PCS on this site (raviias.com). I write fact based blogs and motivational posts.