101 Major Facts You Must Know About India For UPSC CSE

13 Min Read

101 Major Facts You Must Know About India: India is also known as Bharat in Hindi. It is a country in South Asia. India is the 7th largest country by area in the world. It is also the most populous country in the world. India got independence on August 15, 1947. Here are the list of 101 major facts about India.

101 Major Facts About India

1. India is the seventh largest country in the world by area. It covers an area of approximately 3.29 million square kilometers.

2. India is a country in South Asia. In Hindi language, India is known as Bharat.

3. India is the most populous country in the world. The second most populous country is China.

4. India is the world’s largest democracy with a parliamentary system of government.

5. India has a rich cultural history that spans over 4,500 years with contributions to art, science, mathematics, and philosophy.

6. India is the birthplace of major religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism.

7. India got interdependence from British rule on 15 August 1947. Every year, Independence day is celebrated on 15 August in India.

8. Hindi and English are the official language of the Indian government, which reflects the country’s linguistic diversity.

9. There are 22 officially recognized languages and more than 100 regional languages and dialects in India.

10. The name ‘India’ is derived from the river Indus. Indus is also a valley around which people settled in earlier times.

11. In India, The Indus Valley Civilization is the world’s oldest, largest and continuous civilization.

12. India is one of the world’s fastest growing major economies, which is driven by industries such as information technology, pharmaceuticals, and telecommunications.

13. India has a successful space program like ISRO. It achieved milestones such launching satellites and exploration missions to Mars and the Moon.

14. India’s film industry is known as Bollywood. It is the largest in the world in terms of film production. Every year, It produces a vast number of films in multiple languages.

15. India is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including Bengal Tigers, Asian Elephants, Indian Rhinoceros, and various species of Deer and Antelope.

16. Mahatma Gandhi employed non-violent civil disobedience as a powerful tool. His teachings and philosophy continue to influence movements for civil rights and freedom globally.

17. India is a major destination for medical tourism that attracts patients from around the world for affordable and high quality medical treatments.

18. India is the birthplace of Yoga. Yoga has played a significant role in the global popularity of this ancient practice.

19. India is also the birthplace of Ayurveda. Ayurveda is a traditional Indian medicine. It is also widely practiced for holistic well-being.

20. The Ganges is one of the most important rivers in India. It is considered sacred by Hindus.

101 Major Facts About India For UPSC CSE

21. India is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast.

22. India shares its land borders with seven countries. Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north, Afghanistan to the north-west, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.

23. India shares its maritime borders with Sri Lanka and Maldives. India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand, Myanmar, and Indonesia.

24. The distance of the mainland of India from north to south is 3,214 Km and from east to west is 2,933 Km.

25. India is situated north of the equator between 8°4′ north to 37°6′ north latitude and 68°7′ east to 97°25′ east longitude.

26. India has a land frontier of 15,200 Km and a coastline of 7,516.6 Km.

27. Indian Standard Time Line passes through five states (Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, and Andhra Pradesh).

28. The Tropic of Cancer passes though eight states of India (Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura, and Mizoram).

29. 23°30′ North Latitude (Tropic of Cancer) divides India into two almost equal parts.

30. The difference between sunrise and sunset between India’s westernmost point (Gaurmota, Gujarat) and easternmost point (Kibithu, Arunachal Pradesh) is approximately 2 hours.

31. The 82°30′ east longitude is taken as Standard Time Meridian of India, which passes through Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh.

32. The northernmost point of India is Indira Col (Ladakh). The southernmost point of India is Indira Point (Great Nicobar Islands). The westernmost point of India is Gaurmota or Guhar Moti (Gujarat). The easternmost point of India is Kibithu (Arunachal Pradesh).

33. The southernmost point of the mainland of India is Kanyakumari (Tamilnadu). Chennai is the capital of Tamil Nadu.

34. There are 28 States and 9 Union Territories in India.

35. Sonbhadra is the only district in India whose boundaries touch four states. Sonbhadra is a district in Uttar Pradesh.

36. The length of the coastline of the mainland of India is approximately 6,100 kilometers.

37. India is separated from Sri Lanka by Pak Strait.

38. An Indian State, Tripura is surrounded by Bangladesh on three sides.

39. Aryavarta, Jambudwip, Bharatvarsh, Hindustan, and Bharat are the other names of India.

40. India is located in Northern Hemisphere. The capital of India is New Delhi.

101 Important Facts About India

41. The geometrical shape of India is Quadrangular.

42. The climate of India is Monsoon Climate.

43. The National Heritage Animal of India is Elephant.

44. The National Animal of India is Tiger.

45. The National Bird of India is Peacock.

46. The National Tree of India is Banyan.

47. The National Flower of India is Lotus.

48. The National Symbol of India is Ashoka Pillar.

49. The National Anthem of India is Jana Gana Mana.

50. The National Song of India is Vande Mataram.

51. The official language of India is Hindi.

52. The National Script of India is Devanagari.

53. The National Motto of India is Satyameva Jayate.

54. The National Flag of India is Tricolor.

55. The National River of India is Ganga.

56. The National Aquatic Animal of India is Ganges Dolphin.

57. Zoological Garden (Kolkata) is the largest zoo of India.

58. The largest mosque of India is Jama Masjid. Jama Masjid is located in Delhi.

59. The largest cattle fair of India is Sonpur (Bihar).

60. The largest lake of India is Wular Lake. Wular Lake is located in Jammu and Kashmir.

101 Interesting Facts About India

61. The largest desert of India is Thar desert. Thar desert is located in Rajasthan.

62. The largest cave temple of India is Kailash Temple. Kailash temple is located in Ellora.

63. The largest museum of India is Kolkata Museum. Kolkata Museum is located in West Bengal.

64. The largest dome of India is Gol Gumbaz. Gol Gumbaz is located in Bijapur.

65. The largest lever bridge of India is Howrah Bridge. Howrah Bridge is located in Kolkata.

66. The largest natural harbor of India is Mumbai. Mumbai is also capital of Maharashtra.

67. The largest salt water coastal lake of India is Chilka Lake. Chilka Lake is located in Odisha.

68. The largest freshwater lake of India is Wular Lake.

69. The largest Gurudwara of India is Golden Temple. Golden Temple is located in Amritsar.

70. The largest church of India is Saint Cathedral. Saint Cathedral is located in Goa.

71. The largest artificial lake of India is Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar.

72. The largest river island of India is Majuli. Majuli is located in Assam.

73. The largest planetarium of India is Birla Planetarium. It is located in Kolkata.

74. The largest state of India by area is Rajasthan. Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan.

75. The largest state of India by population is Uttar Pradesh. Lucknow is the capital of Uttar Pradesh.

76. The largest district of India by area is Kutch. Kutch is a district of Gujarat state.

77. The highest altitude battle site of India is Siachen Glacier.

78. The highest TV tower of India is Rameshwaram. Rameshwaram is located in Tamil Nadu.

79. The highest airport of India is Leh (Ladakh).

80. The tallest statue of India is Statue of Unity. Statue of Unity is located in Gujarat.

81. The highest dam of India is Tehri Dam. Tehri Dam is located in Uttarakhand.

82. The highest minar of India is Qutub Minar. Qutub Minar is located in Delhi.

83. The highest gravity dam of India is Bhakra Dam. Bhakra Dam is located in Punjab.

84. The highest peak of India is Godwin Austin (K-2).

85. The longest road bridge of India is Bhupen Hazarika Bridge.

86. Chenani-Nashri Tunnel is the longest road tunnel of India that connects Jammu with Srinagar.

87. Pirpanjal is the longest railway tunnel of India.

88. The largest delta of India is Sundarban Delta. It is located in West Bengal.

89. Masinram (Meghalaya) is the place of highest rainfall in India.

90. The longest canal of India is Indira Gandhi Canal. It is located in Rajasthan.

91. The longest railway platform of India is Hubli. Hubli is located in Karnataka.

92. Yuva Bharti Stadium is the largest stadium of India. It is located in Kolkata.

93. The most populous city of India is Mumbai. Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra.

94. The longest national highway of India is National Highway No. 44.

95. The longest river of south India is Godavari.

96. The highest honor of India is the Bharat Ratna.

97. The President is the first person of India.

98. The citizens of India are called Indian.

99. The currency of India is known as the Indian Rupee (INR).

100. India’s first president is Dr. Rajendra Prasad and India’s first woman president is Smt. Pratibha Devi Singh Patil.

101. Independence Day, Republic Day, and Gandhi Jayanti is the national festival of India.

In this article, we’ve written about 101 major facts of India. I hope this article is important for you. You can check out a best static GK from here. [Check Out]

Share This Article
By Ravi
I'm Ravi. I'll provide blogs related to UPSC and State PSC/PCS on this site (raviias.com). I write fact based blogs and motivational posts.